An essay on the use of chemical warfare in the great war

More thanwork forces were killed, wounded, or captured in the early conflicts of First Marne, First Ypres, Masurian Lakes, and Tannenberg Broen.

Germany also used gas against Russia on the Eastern Frontwhere the lack of effective countermeasures resulted in deaths of over 56, Russians, [42] while Britain experimented with gas in Palestine during the Second Battle of Gaza.

For example, chemical weapons were employed by British forces in the Russian Civil WarSpanish forces in Morocco —26Italian forces in LibyaSoviet troops in Xinjiangand Italian forces in Ethiopia — One-third of all U. Phosgene was much more effective and more deadly than chlorine, though one drawback was that the symptoms could sometimes take up to 48 hours to be manifest.

A piece after the heavy battling began at 5: This fact and many of the other facts written above are some reasons why many believe that the first World War was one of the most vile and brutal wars.

Gas in The Great War

The response was enormous and a million gas masks were produced in a day. April 22,was a beautiful spring twenty-four hours near the Belgian town of Ypres. The gas mask has made many reforms to get to the standard of what it is today, but in the early 20th century, the gas mask was at the peak of the new technology, especially because it was saving soldiers.

One the first German attacks, allied troops held cotton pads soaked in their own urine to give some sort of protection against the chlorine gas. It took the British more than a year to develop their own mustard gas weapon, with production of the chemicals centred on Avonmouth Docks.

The modern notion of chemical warfare emerged from the midth century, with the development of modern chemistry and associated industries.

Gas shock was as frequent as shell shock. Fatally injured victims sometimes took four or five weeks to die of mustard gas exposure.

More deadly gases[ edit ] Plate I, Microscopic section of human lung from phosgene shell poisoning, American Red Cross and Medical Research Committee, An Atlas of Gas Poisoning, The deficiencies of chlorine were overcome with the introduction of phosgenewhich was prepared by a group of French chemists led by Victor Grignard and first used by France in Ultimately, in WWII it was demonstrated that a single atomic weapon could kill more than one hundred thousand of the enemy with a single use of a single weapon.

The worst sufferers were the wounded lying on the ground, or on stretchers, and the men who moved back with the cloud.

Chemical warfare

The Protocol, which was signed by most First World War combatants inbans the use but not the stockpiling of lethal gas and bacteriological weapons. Shells were color coded in a system started by the Germans.

Chemical Warfare During World War 1 Essay

The French were the first to break the convention, but the public did not hear very much of it. The Russian army took 9, casualties, with more than 1, fatalities.

Chemical weapons in World War I

These accounts describe an arsenic -containing "soul-hunting fog", and the use of finely divided lime dispersed into the air to suppress a peasant revolt in AD. Chlorine, codenamed Red Star, was the agent to be used tons arrayed in 5, cylindersand the attack was dependent on a favourable wind.

At first, no 1 among the Allies understood what was go oning. With low concentrations, it has an aroma of fresh cut grass or green corn or has no sent at all, but at high concentrations, its odor may be very unpleasant and pungent.

This meant that the victims were initially still capable of putting up a fight; this could also mean that apparently fit troops would be incapacitated by the effects of the gas on the following day. When the United States entered the war, it was already mobilizing resources from academic, industry and military sectors for research and development into poison gas.

Weapons of World War I Because such pads could not be expected to arrive at the front for several days, army divisions set about making them for themselves.

The risk of exposure all depends on how close in proximity one is to an area with phosgene. Once in the soil, mustard gas remained active for several days, weeks, or even months, depending on the weather conditions.

It took the British more than a year to develop their own mustard gas weapon, with production of the chemicals centred on Avonmouth Docks. Its color and odor made it easy to spot, and since chlorine is water-soluble even soldiers without gas masks could minimize its effect by placing water-soaked - even urine-soaked - rags over their mouths and noses.

Gas in The Great War

Chloropicrin, diphenylchlorarsine, American-developed Adamsite diphenylaminechlorarsineand others were irritants that could bypass gas masks and make soldiers remove their masks, thus, exposing them to phosgene or chlorine.

The initial determination to utilize deadly chemical arms at Ypres in April,was due largely because of hapless outlooks, defeat, and blood. Mustard gas caused internal and external bleeding and attacked the bronchial tubes, stripping off the mucous membrane.The offensive use of living organisms (such as anthrax) is considered biological warfare rather than chemical warfare; however, the use of nonliving toxic products produced by living organisms (e.g.

toxins such as botulinum toxin, ricin, and saxitoxin) is considered chemical warfare under the provisions of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC).

Chemical weapons in World War I

World War I, also known as the First World War, and (before ) the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict lasting from August to the final Armistice (cessation of hostilities) on November 11, One of the enduring hallmarks of WWI was the large-scale use of chemical weapons, commonly called, simply, ‘gas’.

Although chemical warfare caused less than 1% of the total deaths in this war, the ‘psy-war’ or fear factor was formidable. More Essay Examples on. Change to Chemical Warfare in The Great War. The determination by the Germans to foremost utilize chemical bombs was a really controversial.

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An essay on the use of chemical warfare in the great war
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